There are no territorially-based Vilela communities at present. The Vilela population is geographically disperse, its center being the recent historical settlements in the province of Chaco. These include rural areas and neighborhoods surrounding urban centers such as Resistencia or Quitilipi. Migrant Vilela people from Chaco have also settled in the province of Santa Fe and in Greater Buenos Aires. There is information on families identified as Vilela living in other provinces in the country.
Images of settlements visited in rural areas of Chaco province (June 2004, photos by Carlos Masotta).