‘Semang’ is an ethnographic label which refers generically to a cluster of foraging populations in the Malay Peninsula. Like several other minority groups in the peninsula, the Semang speak Aslian languages, a branch of the Mon-Khmer language family. The Semang can be divided into several ethnolinguistic groups, including Kensiw, Kintaq, Jahai, Menriq, and Batek (which all speak closely related languages/dialects of the Northern subbranch of Aslian), as well as Lanoh (associated with a group of dialects belonging to the Central subbranch of Aslian). The total number of Semang is estimated at around 2,500-3,000 individuals. The number of speakers of each language ranges between around 150 (Menriq) and 1,000 (Jahai). Some dialect varieties (especially of Lanoh) are close to extinction.