Project Statistics

  • Sessions: 120
  • Audio recordings: 154
  • Video recordings: 195
  • Annotations: 146
  • Images: 175

Last update: 2017-6-18


This project documented three highly endangered variants of Even: the Lamunkhin dialect spoken in the village of Sebjan-Küöl in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), which is the westernmost Even dialect still spoken; the dialects spoken in the village of Topolinoe in Yakutia, which is in an intermediate geographic location, and the dialect spoken in the Bystraja district on Kamchatka, one of the easternmost Even dialects. Importantly, Topolinoe is home to two dialects: In addition to the native Topolinoe dialect, the speech of an immigrant Even community from the Sea of Okhotsk coast, mostly from the village of Arka, has been spoken in the region since the late 1950s.
The Lamunkhin dialect, which is currently still being passed on to children, is spoken by approximately 300 people; the dominant language in everyday communication in the village, however, is Sakha (Yakut). In addition, speakers of Lamunkhin Even know Russian, which is the language of education, administration, and the media. In Topolinoe and in the Bystraja district, Even is not learnt by children anymore; in each of these communities, only about 200-250 Evens, most of them born before the 1970s, still speak the language. These two communities are shifting to Russian.
Within the project, Luise Zippel completed a Master’s thesis on finiteness in Even (University of Leipzig, August 2012), and Natalia Aralova completed a PhD thesis on Even vowel harmony (University of Amsterdam 2015; link to the thesis). In addition, we have published the following papers dealing with the language or using data from the collection (state of May 2023):

Papers about Even:

Matić, Dejan (2020). Reflexives, reciprocals, and intensifiers in Even: An exercise in Tungusic dialectology. International Journal of Eurasian Linguistics 2(2): 244-285.

Pakendorf, Brigitte & Natalia Aralova (2020). Even and the Northern Tungusic languages. In Robbeets, Martine & Alexander Savelyev (eds): The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages. Oxford University Press: 288-304 (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-02889683).

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2019). Expressing equality, similarity, and pretense in Even (Northern Tungusic, Siberia). Faits de Langues, 50/1: 91-109. (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-02414772).

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2019). Direct copying of inflectional paradigms: Evidence from Lamunkhin Even. Language, 95/3: e364-e380 (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-02292374).

Matić, Dejan (2017). Periphrastic proximatives in the dialects of Ėven (North Tungusic). In: Agnes Korn & Irina Nevskaya (eds.), Prospective and Proximative as Grammatical Categories, 78-93. Wiesbaden: Reichert.

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2017): Lamunkhin Even evaluative morphology in cross-linguistic comparison. Morphology 27: 123-158 (https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01960459v1).

Matić, Dejan (2016). Ėven converbs and the syntax of switch-reference. In: Rik van Gijn & Jeremy Hammond (eds.), Switch-Reference 2.0, 335-376. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Aralova, Natalia (2015). Vowel harmony in two Even dialects: Production and perception. LOT Dissertation series 400 (https://www.lotpublications.nl/vowel-harmony-in-two-even-dialects).

Matić, Dejan (2015). Tag questions and focus markers: Evidence from the Tompo dialect of Even. In: M. M. Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. (eds.), Information Structure and Spoken Language in a Cross-Linguistic Perspective, 167-189. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Pakendorf, Brigitte & Ija V. Krivoshapkina (2014): Ėven nominal evaluatives and the marking of definiteness. Linguistic Typology 18 (2): 289–331 (https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01178751v1).

Lavrillier, Alexandra & Dejan Matić (eds.) (2013). Even epics. Ewedi ńimkar. Evenskie nimkany. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag & Kulturstiftung Sibirien. http://www.siberian-studies.org/publications/evennimkan.html

Aralova, Natalia, Sven Grawunder & Bodo Winter. 2011. The Acoustic Correlates of Tongue Root Vowel Harmony in Even (Tungusic) In Wai-Sum Lee & Eric Zee (eds.) Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Vol. 1, City University of Hong Kong, 240 – 243.

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2009): Intensive contact and the copying of paradigms – an Ėven dialect in contact with Sakha (Yakut). Journal of Language Contact, VARIA 2: 85-110 (https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02006813v1).

Papers where Even data have been used:

Aralova, Natalia & Brigitte Pakendorf (2022): The causal-noncausal alternation in the Northern Tungusic languages of Russia. In: Andreas Hölzl & Tom Payne (eds): Tungusic languages: Past and present, 21-62. Berlin: Language Science Press. (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-03801751); Datasets published on zenodo: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3911606.

Lavrillier, A. (2022) Evenkiiskii kontsept onnir: chelovek, dukhi, sled, deistviia [The Evenki concept onnir: person, spirits, imprint, action], In (Eds) L.I. Missonova, A.A. Sirina Tunguso-man’chzhurskie narody Sibiri i Dal’nego vostoka: Evenki. Eveny. Negidal’tsy, Uil’ta, Nanaitsy, Ul’chi, Udegeitsy, Oroch, Tazy [The Tungus-Manchu peoples of Siberia and the Far East: Evenki. Even. Neghidal. Uil’ta, Nanai, Ulch, Udhegei, Oroch, Taz. Nanais. Ulchi. Udege. Orochi. Tazy], Coll. Narody i Kultury, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology im. N.N. Miklukho-Maclay Russian Academy of Science. M.: Nauka, 2022. (Peoples and cultures), pp. 513-519.

Matić, Dejan (2022). Alternatives to Information Structure. In: Davide Garassino & Daniel Jacob (eds.), When Data Challenges Theory.  Non-Prototypical, Unexpected and Paradoxical Evidence in Information Structure, 91-111. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2022): Copying form without content. Relexification in ordinary contact-induced change. Diachronica 39/4: 525-564 (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-03739867).

Seifart, Frank, Jan Strunk, Swintha Danielsen, Iren Hartmann, Brigitte Pakendorf, Søren Wichmann, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Nikolaus P. Himmelmann, Balthasar Bickel (2021): The extent and degree of utterance-final word lengthening in spontaneous speech from ten languages. Linguistics Vanguard 7/1: 20190063 (http://doreco.info/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/SeifartEtAl_FinalLengthening.pdf). doi: 10.1515/lingvan-2019-0063

Lavrillier, A. and T. Sem (2021) Contemporary “Shamanising Persons” among the Tungus-Manchu (Evenki, Even, and Nanai): Case Studies about Common Collective Spiritual Representations, “Religiovedenie” (“Study of Religion”), 3 2021, pp. 32-51.

Lavrillier, A., S. Gabyshev, L. Egorova, G. Makarova, and M. Lomovtseva-Adukanova (2021), Analysing Non-Existing and Existing Tourisms in Eastern Siberia among the Evenki, Even, Koryak, and Itelmen, Espace populations sociétés, 2020/3-2021|2021. URL: http://journals.openedition.org/eps/10790 , 10.4000/eps.10790.

Pakendorf, Brigitte & Natalya M. Stoynova (2021): Associated motion in Tungusic languages: a case of mixed argument structure. In: Guillaume, Antoine & Harold Koch (eds): Associated Motion, de Gruyter Mouton: 855-897 (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-03167436).

Lavrillier A. 2020 “Spirit-Charged” Humans in Siberia: Interrelations between the Notions of the Individual (“Spirit Charge” and “Active Imprint”) and (Ritual) Action, Arctic Anthropology, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 72–98, doi: 10.3368/aa.57.1.72.

Strunk, Jan, Frank Seifart, Swintha Danielsen, Iren Hartmann, Brigitte Pakendorf, Søren Wichmann, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Balthasar Bickel (2020): Determinants of phonetic word duration in ten language documentation corpora: Word frequency, complexity, position, and part of speech. Language Documentation & Conservation 14 : 423-460 (http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24926).

Varlamov A., K. Galina, and A. Lavrillier (2020). Electronic Devices for Safeguarding Indigenous Languages and Cultures (Eastern Siberia). In T. Koivurova, E.G. Broderstad, D. Cambou, D. Dorough, and F. Stammler F. (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic, London and NY : Routledge, pp. 58-75.

Andriyanets, Vasilisa, Michael Daniel, & Brigitte Pakendorf (2018): Discovering dialectal differences based on oral corpora. Computational Linguistics and Intellectual Technologies. Papers from the Annual International Conference “Dialogue”: 24-34 (https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01960505).

Seifart, Frank, Jan Strunk, Swintha Danielsen, Iren Hartmann, Brigitte Pakendorf, Søren Wichmann, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Nivja H. de Jong & Balthasar Bickel (2018): Nouns slow down speech across structurally and culturally diverse languages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115(22). 5720–5725 (https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1800708115).

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2015): A comparison of copied morphemes in Sakha (Yakut) and Ėven. In: Gardani, Francesco, Peter Arkadiev & Nino Amiridze (eds): Borrowed Morphology. De Gruyter Mouton: 157-187 (https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01179245).

Matić, Dejan; Van Gijn, Rik & Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. (2014). Information structure and reference tracking in complex sentences. An overview. In: Rik van Gijn, Jeremy Hammond, Dejan Matić, Saskia van Putten & Anna Vilacy Galucio (eds.), Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences, 1-42. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2014): Paradigm copying in Tungusic: The Lamunkhin dialect of Ėven and beyond. In: Robbeets, Martine & Walter Bisang (eds): Paradigm Change. In the Transeurasian Languages and Beyond, John Benjamins: 287-310 (https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01179245).

Lavrillier A. (2013) Climate Change among Nomadic and Settled Tungus of Siberia: Continuity and Changes in Economic and Ritual Relationships with the Natural Environment, Polar Record, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 260-271. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0032247413000284.

Matić, Dejan & Daniel Wedgwood (2013). The meanings of focus: the significance of an interpretation-based category in cross-linguistic analysis. Journal of Linguistics 49(1): 127-163.

Matić, Dejan & Brigitte Pakendorf (2013). Non-canonical SAY in Siberia: Areal and genealogical patterns. Studies in Language 37(2): 356-412 (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-01998842).

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2013): Incipient grammaticalization of a redundant purpose clause marker in Lamunxin Ėven: Contact-induced change or independent innovation? In: Robbeets, Martine & Hubert Cuyckens (eds): Shared Grammaticalization. With special focus on Transeurasian languages, 259-283 (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-02012636).

Lavrillier A. (2012) , ‘Spirit-Charged’ Animals in Siberia, in V. Grotti, O. Ulturgasheva, M. Brightman (eds), Animism in Rainforest and Tundra. Personhood. Personhood, Animals, Plants and Things in Contemporary Amazonia and Siberia, Oxford, Berghahn Books, pp. 113-129.

Pakendorf, Brigitte (2012): Patterns of relativization in North Asia: towards a refined typology of prenominal participial relative clauses. In: Diessel, Holger & Volker Gast (eds): Complex clauses in Cross-linguistic perspective. 253-283 (https://hal.univ-lyon2.fr/hal-02012637).